It can claim to being called a science because it employs scientific method. A prime example of this failure is sociology. Sociology is a social science and not a natural science.
On the other hand post-modernists argue that science should not be allowed a monopoly of truth and to do so is dangerous. Durkheim applied too strict criteria of falsification to rival accounts.
This has given rise to the sociological methodology. However it is believed sociology cannot be proved wrong. The positivistic programme advocated by Comte aimed at removing sociology from the realm of speculation and establishing it as an objective of research science.
Problems like degrading environment and getting MRSA or other super drug resistant bugs in us were not concerns years ago, the risks created in society are greater now because of science.
For Durkheim, sociology is a study o f social facts CST p. However it is just one version of the truth and it brings about very bad things; for instance we are now in a scientific risk society, we are aware of greater risks to our health from pollution and nuclear war because of science than we were before.
There are several ways to formulate falsification, but her e I mean something like this: To answer the question if sociology is a science or not, first we need to know what is science, otherwise the question does not make much sense.
It is argued that objectivity is more difficult to be achieved in case of sociology. First, they no longer accept strong criteria of falsification as a scientific method.
We cannot put human beings to laboratory tests. Kuhn thinks that sociology is in a pre-paradigm state, where there is no one paradigm and until the conflicts between theories can be sorted out or one proved wrong, there will be no paradigm, therefore sociology cannot be a science.
All scientists work under this and research is funded if it best fits the paradigm, sociology does not have one. No other social science endeavours to study society in totality.
This article provides information about the meaning of Sociology as a science: Inhe attempted to give more flesh and blood to the said definition in his work System of Positive Politics.
The argument too is partly correct. In physics or chemistry the subject matter is exhaustively measured by instruments. Comte claimed that sociology uses four different kinds of methodologies, namely observation, experiment, comparison and historical research as a special case of comparison CST pp.
The physical sciences can have laboratory tests under specified conditions.- Sociology is a field which developed over a millennia ago, but it was not until the nineteenth century that it came into the fore as a bona fide social science, in need.
· Science is displaced by rational scientific explanations based on empirical evidence derived from observation and experimentation, logical thought and reasoning. · Positivist and interpretivism are the two main theoretical arguments with regard to this issue.
Sociology is defined as the scientific study of human society and social behavior although whether to classify sociology as a science has been debatable. French philosopher Auguste Comte first coined the term in from the Greek word ‘socio’ meaning interaction or association of individual and the Latin word ‘logy’ meaning study of a particular subject.
Sociology is seen by some as a science, where facts can be obtained by collecting data, and hypotheses can become theorems. As a science, sociology would have to be value-free, and sociologists, as scientists, should not be interested in changing society; rather, they must be interested in.
In order to determine whether or not sociology can be accepted as a true science it is useful to make comparisons between the studies performed by both sociologists and natural scientists on their subjects of society and the natural world respectively. Essay on Sociology as a Science – There is a controversy about the nature of sociology as a science.
‘Is sociology a science?’ Is an issue which is highly debated and discussed. A correct answer to this question cannot be divided, into two categories, ‘Yes’ or ‘No’. But the correct answer should be in terms of degree, the degree to which sociology is a science.
Some critics argue that sociology cannot claim .Download